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Fox Squirrel

Sciurus niger


The fox squirrel, also known as the eastern fox squirrel or Bryant's fox squirrel, is the largest species of tree squirrel native to North America. Source: Wikipedia


Eastern fox squirrels are most abundant in open forest stands with little understory vegetation; they are not found in stands with dense undergrowth. Ideal habitat is small stands of large trees interspersed with agricultural land.[5] The size and spacing of pines and oaks are among the important features of eastern fox squirrel habitat. The actual species of pines and oaks themselves may not always be a major consideration in defining eastern fox squirrel habitat.[4] Eastern fox squirrels are often observed foraging on the ground several hundred meters from the nearest woodlot. Eastern fox squirrels also commonly occupy forest edge habitat.[6] Eastern fox squirrels have two types of shelters: leaf nests and tree dens. They may have two tree cavity homes or a tree cavity and a leaf nest. Tree dens are preferred over leaf nests during the winter and for raising young. When den trees are scarce, leaf nests are used year-round.[7][8] Leaf nests are built during the summer months in forks of deciduous trees about 30 feet (9 m) above the ground. Eastern fox squirrels use natural cavities and crotches (forked branches of a tree) as tree dens.[7] Den trees in Ohio had an average diameter at breast height (d.b.h.) of 21 inches (53 cm) and were an average of 58.6 yards (52.7 m) from the nearest woodland border. About 88% of den trees in eastern Texas had an average d.b.h. of 12 inches (30 cm) or more.[5] Dens are usually 6 inches (15 cm) wide and 14 to 16 (35–41 cm) inches deep. Den openings are generally circular and about 2.9 to 3.7 inches (7.3–9.4 cm). Eastern fox squirrels may make their own den in a hollow tree by cutting through the interior; however, they generally use natural cavities or cavities created by northern flickers (Colaptes auratus) or red-headed woodpeckers (Melanerpes erythrocephalus). Crow nests have also been used by eastern fox squirrels.[8] Eastern fox squirrels use leaf nests or tree cavities for shelter and litter rearing.[5] Forest stands dominated by mature to over mature trees provide cavities and a sufficient number of sites for leaf nests to meet the cover requirements. Overstory trees with an average d.b.h. of 15 inches (38 cm) or more generally provide adequate cover and reproductive habitat. Optimum tree canopy closure for eastern fox squirrels is from 20% to 60%. Optimum conditions understory closure occur when the shrub-crown closure is 30% or less.[5]


This Squirrel is 100% wild, but you can see by her behavior she has been tamed by her city life. Not showing fear of humans, and knowing where and how to receive food without having to rely on her natural instincts or habitats. We moved about a month after she had gotten really close to us for personal reasons. We had talked about trapping her and bringing her along, but we figured it wasn't fair to her to be relocated, plus we couldn't determine if she had a nest or not. Never tried reaching out to touch her, but we were able to hand her food from our hands.

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DanielePralong 10 years ago

You can post a video together with your spotting Amanda. You will see the option when you create a new spotting, or edit an old one. You must first upload your video to YouTube or Vimeo.
Regarding the bug mission you have just created, users can only create local missions on Project Noah, with a max. radius of 300 miles. Please edit the mission and make the location specific in the mission title and notes. Otherwise will be retired or modified by Project Noah management. Thank you in advance!
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AmandaCech 10 years ago

When she was hungry, she would climb the brick wall, and run across our balcony, and scratch the glass until we would open the door for her. It was quiet amazing. If I knew how to upload videos on here, if it's an option, I can post a video where I called for her and she came to me from several complexes away. It was so awesome.

AmandaCech 10 years ago

Thank you DanielePralong!

DanielePralong 10 years ago

Nice pic and story Amanda! Welcome to Project Noah.

Spotted by

Michigan, USA

Spotted on Sep 10, 2012
Submitted on Sep 18, 2013

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