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Weaver ants uses their larvae to produce silk in order to stitch the leaves of the tree together to form a nest. A single colony can only have one queen and can have several nests in a tree, a colony can even have nests spread out to different trees. The leaves the ants stitched together to make a nest later dies out or gets damaged so they have to make new nests continuously. Also the ants and the host plant have a mutualistic relationship as the plant provides the ants with shelter, the ants in return protect the plant from other insects and pests.
This species of arboreal ant are found in tropical Asia and Australia. This colony I photographed was making their nest on a banyan tree.
Although these ants don't have stingers, their bite is quite painful and they spray formic acid which is irritating and smells really weird.
Spotted on Aug 5, 2021
Submitted on Aug 5, 2021