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A pretty common sight, bracken communities are a great example of succession plants - if a tree falls in the forest opening a gap on the forest floor, bracken will often opportunistically set up camp in the gap, enjoying the new light through the canopy. The bracken then creates a safe shaded environment for new long-living forest trees to seed and grow into the exposed canopy.
Moist areas of eucalypt forest and rainforests. As ferns need water for reproduction, you'll inevitably find them in the moister parts of forests, near watercourses or drainage lines.